Sahamalaza National Park
Sahamalaza National Park, is a 153.2 km² protected area in the Sofia region of Madagascar ,also called Radama Islands, this national park has been recognized by UNESCO as a biosphere reserve in 2001 and became a national park in 2007.This reserve is located on the northwest coast of Madagascar on the Sahamalaza peninsula, precisely 100 kilometers south of Nosy Be and north of the Radama Islands. The reserve includes three specific residential areas: semi-deciduous dry forests, mangrove forests and coral reefs. The forest is one of the few remaining dry forests on the west coast. The peninsula has steep slopes, up to 400 meters (Ankitsiky Hill). Dry deciduous forests can be divided into two main parts, Analavory in the south and Ambinda in the northern part of the peninsula. Around 40% of the animal species present in the reserve are endemic to Madagascar.
The reserve contains various ecosystems:
Coral reefs, seagrass beds, steep reefs, muddy seabeds and mudflats constitute the marine ecosystem of the reserve.10,000 hectares of mangroves hosting the eight endemic mangrove species is the second type of ecosystem that can be discovered there.The third ecosystem consists of 11,100 hectares of low and dry forest along the coast and the 30 km long bay.
The marine area contains 216 species of corals and invertebrates, 168 species of fish and 3 marine mammals (dolphins, whales).The presence of crabs, fish and crustaceans in the mangrove is very important for the local population, and ecologically for 5 threatened bird species, including the Madagascar sea eagle.
The coastal dry forest is home to several endemic endangered lemurs such as the Lepilemur sahamalazensis and the blue-eyed lemur.